Canada is a sovereign country of North America , whose form of government is the federal parliamentary monarchy. Its territory is organized in ten provinces and three territories . Its capital is the city of Ottawa and the most populous city is Toronto .
|Canadian dollar ($) (CAD)
|37.06 million (2018)
- The first inhabitants of the territory that Canada currently comprises were the ” First Nations “, the Eskimos and the Métis . The terms “Indians” and “Eskimos” have fallen into disuse. Archaeological and genetic studies prove the human presence in the north of Yukon 26,500 years ago, and in southern Ontario 9,500 years ago. Old Crow Flats and Bluefish CavesThey are the oldest archeological sites left by the first Canadian inhabitants. Among the traditions of the “First Nations” are eight unique stories describing the creation of the world and its tribes. These aboriginal peoples are characterized by their urban settlements that have lasted until the 21st century, by their civil and monumental architecture and by a complex social hierarchy. Some of these civilizations disappeared long before the arrival of the Europeans (15th and 16th centuries), and have recently been discovered by archaeological excavations. The mestizo culture of the Métis originated in the mid-seventeenth century, when some Europeans met with aboriginals of the “First Nations”. For their part, during the first decades, the Eskimos had more limited contact with European colonizers.